italian exterior design
Our Institute had the task of projecting a star-shaped school complex:thatís
because the star represents the countries belonging to the European Union.
The construction has
a glass dome on top which is the focus of the whole bulding, both because itís
the main entrance and because itís the studentsí meeting point during the
In the bulding there
are 25 classrooms plus labs and special rooms. The space has been organised
according to them.
The star is a
three-storey building and itís made up of 5 wings, 4 of them are stretched out,
while the fifth is round-shaped. Every wing has its own function: the first is
characterized by the classrooms and the teachersí room on each floor. In the
second one thereís the auditorium. The third one has got the school canteen and
some classrooms. In the fourth one thereís the library, the school offices and
Outside the building
the green areas have been designed, as well as a theatre, a gym, a swimming
pool, 2 football grounds, 4 tennis courts and big car park.
The arrangement may
be different from batch to batch. The presence of the main building which is
separated form the others, allows flexibility in the distribution of space.
According to the
climatic areas, if the schools are built in Southern Europe rather than in the
Norther, we will adapt the fitting and orientation.
total area, of about 90638m2, is located in the suburbs in order to ensure
easy access to the public transport.
The school is made up
of four buildings and a dome for the entrance. The buildings are linked by a
gallery. Each one has 3 floors. Each floor has an area which is smaller and
smaller as you go up. The building has a large glazing facade.
In every building
there are stairs and an elevetor, large corridors including areas for relax,
teachersí and studentsí rooms and bathrooms.
In N.1, N.2 and N.3
buildings, there are services, open to the public, too, they are: auditorium,
library and canteen. The volume of the auditorium goes up to the first and
second floor. In this building we also find the interior services, they are:
Head-masterís office, Infirmary and Lodge and Offices. In N.4 there are 6
classrooms and in N.3 there are two classrooms, for everyday lessons.
In N.2, N.3 and N.4
buildings there are six classrooms each, and in N.1 there are two classrooms
near the auditorium.
On the last floor we
find all the labs. In N.2 there are four science labs (physics, chemistry,
biology, earth science). In N.3 there are four computers labs ( cad room,
foreign lab). In N.4 there are four art labs (music, artistic drawing and
technical drawing). In N.1 there are two classrooms near the auditorium.
Gym and Sports Field
The sport facilities
consist of 2 gyms sharing 4 changing rooms (2 for females, 2 for males). Each
gym is composed of a basketball court that can be used also for other sports:
each of them is surrounded by right and left stands.
The entrances are
north and south of the building. The reception is in the south entrance hall .
Next to the main building thereís a storeroom for
are equipped with
Total building area= 4723.35 m2
gym area on the right= 1924.76 m2
gym area on the left +storeroom= 1838.38 m2 + 346.51 m2=02184.89 m2
Reception area= 64.74 m2
Office area= 68.40 m2
From 8.00 a.m. to
From 16.00 p.m. to
20.00 p.m. Ť
From 20.00 p.m. to
22.00 p.m. Ť
extra school activities
Sports fields Ť
2 soccer fields + 4 tennis courts
Main structure made of steel pillars
External prefab insulated panels
Stripped windows (opaque glasse)
Totally laminated wooden made.
In our swimming pool
the roof can be opened and the glazing panels are movable so that the swimming
pool can become outdoor.
The entrance includes
the porterís lodge where you can enrol on a corse if you arenít students or
member of the school staff, the bar and the administration offices.
The changing rooms, both for men and women, are separated. Every changing room,
warm and cozy, is divided into three parts, a locker room where you can get
dressed, equipped with a lot of lockers where you can put your personal effects,
a shower room and a bathroom.
The swimming pool
consists of one olympic pool, a diving pool and a free pool for the paying
public and the common people. There are two stands on both sides of the
From 16.00 p.m. to 20.00 p.m.
Sunday also open to the public
The library is not
only for the students, but itís also open to the public, for this reason there
is another entrance leading directly to the library.
In the library there are are tables to study and to read, bookshelves and
computers to surf the net.
From 8.00 a.m. to 14.00 p.m.
From 15.00 p.m. to 20.00 p.m.
The school canteen is situated in the star-shaped building near the library,
tiís on two floors: on the first floor there is a kitchen, two wc, the changing
room for the staff and many tables.
On the second floor there is a cafŤ and many tables, too. The staircase is
shared by the library.
From 13.00 p.m. to 15.00 p.m.
There are different menus (vegetarian and other special menus).
The auditorium is integrated in the school building and it can be reached from
the school corridor or from the outside.
The auditorium consists in two levels with 400 seats. There is a large stage
which can be used for conferences, presentation and film projections. There is a
high quality audio/video system and technical rooms. The armachairs are very
comfortable and useful.
Besides there is a bathroom for the public, including services for disables.
External glass enveloped
beams for larger spaces
Fitted carpet on the floor
We thought that one of the things in the school of the future cuoldnít miss was
a theatre. We made sure that the shape of the the theatre was similar to that of
On the roof of the theatre there is a window that lets the light in and
thereís a special system of mirror to bounce it and spread evenly throughout
the dome of the theatre.
The theatre is also open to the public and it is located near the school to
accommodate all the students and teachers. There are 777 seats.
The school may be
placed in three different places. Each of these places has a different climate
and different vegetation. In northern Europe conifers and birches can be
planted, in continental Europe oaks, elms, maples, beech, ash can be used, in
southern Europe maple, ash, elm, olivetrees, aoks can be used. In the school
there are green areas with flower beds with different types of flower.
In the school there are also two large indoor and outdoor parking areas, with
trees that provide shade.
Each European state must take into consideration the Eurocodes issued by the
European Community. We will take Eurocodes 0 and 1, dealing with designing and
the strength on structures; those Eurocodes are the rules each state has to
consider when making laws regarding the building construction.
As for the Eurocode 0: ďEverything which is projected and built must follow
European criteria.Ē Therefore, materials, construction criteria and everything
that has been and will have to be done, must be included in the evaluation
report, , for the realization of the building. The Eurocode 1 modified the
design about snow and wind. As for the snow, Italians have a new
classification for climatic areas: Italy has been divided into three zones ,
according to snowfalls per year.
As for the wind, buildings mustnít be rectangular-shaped, but they are supposed
to be curve-shaped, like our school roof.
Eurocodes have been taken into consideration even for projecting sanitary
conveniences in our school.
These are the main characteristics.
1 WC per class, plus some extra conveniences
WC rooms must be directly enlighted and ventilated
WC must be protected from direct sunrays through frosted glasses
WC must have outward opening doors with lifting off hinges, and provided
with closing furniture
And for the disabled
baths main features are:
Washbasins appointed in the wall
Grab rails to facilitate transfer between the WC and the wheelchair
Emergency assistance alarm system with long string
exhibition aims to show the working process as well as the final products. It
was a long way and a hard work up to this moment. But we all really enjoyed our
projet and we hope you will...